For those looking to become a pilot or even an aeronautical engineer, it is important to understand the complete anatomy of an aircraft. Just as a car owner should be able to keep relatively close tabs on the condition of their vehicle, so to must pilots. In the case of planes, however, this need is so much more important, considering the risk that failed parts can have for the pilot, their passengers and the craft itself. So, to pique your interest and set you on the path to knowing all there is to know about the craft you someday dream of flying, here is a list of the main components in an aircraft.
The fuselage is the body of the plane and is responsible for keeping all of its technological marvels together. The cockpit is situated at the front of the fuselage from where the craft can be operated, while passengers and cargo are situated at its rear. Where the fuel is carried depends on the craft; in some cases it sits at the fuselage, while in others the fuel is stored nearer the wings.
The empennage is a fairly fancy way of referring to the craft’s tail, which is responsible for affording the craft with stability during flights. The empennage is made up of the rudder and the elevator, which work to steer the craft up and down, or left and right.
The wings of the craft leverage wind pressure to provide the plane with lift. Being one of the most important functional parts of the craft, damaged wings generally lead to grounded planes until such time that they can be properly repaired.
Engines provide the craft with thrust, and their power differs depending on the type of craft that is making use of them.
The landing gear
What goes up has to come down (preferably at its destination), and when it does, the plane needs to have its substantial weight supported. Retracting landing gear is essential for take-off, landing and taxying, and should be fitted with high-quality shock absorbers to handle the substantial pressure of these tasks.
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If you would like more information on aeronautical equipment and components for aircraft, be sure to contact Century Avionics today, or visit our website for further details.